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      5个万能理由,教你回答托福独立口语题

      2019-01-03 10:08     供稿单位: 新航道    

      出国英语?#38469;?#26377;哪些 雅思6.5是什么水平 雅思阅读评分标准 托福阅读评分标准 雅思和托福的区别

        万能理由之一:

        Expand one's horizons

        作为万能理由的第一条,expand one's horizons 绝对是?#27426;?#20043;选。究其本意,单数的horizon 是“地平线、海平线”的意思,但?#35789;?#30340;horizons 却指人们的“眼界、视野”,其英文注释为:The limit of your ideas, knowledge and experience. 略举一例:World history is a course of study that will broaden your horizons.

        先看一个具体话题:

        Should the government help to build more museums and theaters?

        Yes, I think the government should help to build more recreational facilities.

        

        

        Enrich citizens' cultural life

        • expand young people's horizons

        • have a place to go for fun on weekends

        • art exhibitions can improve public taste

        再来看一个抽象话题:Describe the most important decision in your life. 面对此类抽象话题,最佳策略是将其具体化,变成一个日常生活话题,然后?#23376;?我们的万能理由。

       

        请看思路:

        I think I made the most important decision in my life by choosing to go to an overseas university after graduation from high school in China.

        而其中的一条主干理由就是:

        It would broaden my horizons. 比如: Broaden my horizons

        • made friends with people from different backgrounds

        • travelled a lot around Europe and North America

        • visited various museums and historical places

        作为主干理由的 broaden my horizons,之下又 made friends, travelled a lot, visited various museums 等三条分支理由,思路极易展开。

       

        万能理由之二: Learn

        我?#24378;?#20197; learn skills, 也可以 learn lessons 或从某个experience 里面去learn,成为某种learning experience.

        很多情况下,knowledge 和 skills 是不分家的:比如Which of the following has more influence on you: newspaper, TV or teacher? ?#25945;?#31867;的newspaper 或TV 固然好讲,但teacher 无疑是最?#35757;?#36873;择,因为teacher 直接跟learning 挂?#24120;?/p>

       

        Teachers have more influence on me.

        Pass on me knowledge and skills:

        • attending class is the only effective way of learning

        • knowledge not found in textbooks can be acquired

        • learn practical skills in addition to academic knowledge

        类?#39057;?#35299;题思路还体现在:

        People who attend college will be more successful in career than those who don't.

       

        显然,这是必须同意的命题:

        Yes, it is generally true that attending college can increase the chance of career success.

        Learn a lot of vital skills and gain knowledge:

        • academic knowledge helps to lay a solid foundation

        • reading and writing skills are vital to career success

        • having good presentation skills ensures promotion

        三条分支理由中比较好的表达?#26657;?/strong>

        lay a solid foundation, be vital to career success, ensure promotion. 分支理由?#36739;?#32454;越好。Learn 作为万能理由我?#24378;?#20197;正反面的充分论述观点,十分实用的论点。

       

        万能理由之三:

        Money, finance & economy

        很多话题都可以从经济的角度入手来回答。先来一道经典例题:The most important decision in your life.

       

        思路如下:

        Going to an overseas university

        Achieve my independence

        • started to live on my own

        • learned a lot of practical skills such as cooking

        • became financially independent through a part-time job

        如果我们选择 going to an overseas university作为答?#31119;?其中的一条主干理由就是 achieve my independence, 而在所有的independence 之中,financial independence 无疑是最直接、最现成、最有说服力的一种。简单说,就是通过在国外打工,earn money and make a living.

        有些题目属于一眼就看穿思路的,如:Living alone vs. sharing rooms with other people.

       

        Sharing rooms with other people is a better choice.

        Sharing rooms is more affordable:

        • rental fee is relatively high for an average student

        • sharing rooms can ease their financial burden

        • other living expenses can also be shared

        在这个回答中,我?#24378;?#20197;学习到很多跟钱相关的表达方?#21073;篴ffordable, rental fee, ease financial burden. 说穿了就是save money, reduce costs 的意思。

       

        万能理由之四:

        Relax, enjoy & have fun!

        第四条万能理由,主要是跟“快乐”、“幸福”、“休闲”、“放松”有关,关键词除了标题中的relax, enjoy, have fun 之外,还有happy, pleasure, joy, satisfaction, recreation等等。

        中国考生比?#20808;?#26131;忽视这个理由,可能是与我们平?#27604;?#20047;“快乐教育”有关,但在西方人眼里,没什么东西比快?#25351;?#37325;要的了。因此,如果我们在口语拓展中经常运用这一“快乐”思路,就跟英文思维不谋而合啦!

        我们从一道简单的题目开始:What do you do in your spare time?

       

        业余时间当然?#24378;?#20048;时光咯,请看详细的答题思路,如下:

        Well, I'd like to do various sports and recreational activities in my spare time.

        I enjoy a lot of sports:

        • doing sports regularly is good for my health

        • sports games such as basketball are fun

        • I can make a lot of new friends this way

        Recreation is important for me:

        • outdoor activities such as hiking are very relaxing

        • I can have a better balance between work and leisure

        • it is one of the best ways to improve my quality of life

        If you have a chance to choose your job freely, what kind of job will you choose? 我们选择一个job satisfaction 比较高的职业吧:

        I will choose a teaching job, probably teaching in a university.

        Teaching gives me a lot of satisfaction:

        • sharing knowledge with students is very enjoyable

        • happy to see students grow academically and personally

        • students often express their gratitude

       

        万能理由之五:

        Let's get emotional …

        从同义词和词性?#30001;?#30340;角度来说,我们还可以用feeling, mood, emotional 等关键词进行替换,而如果构成?#39318;椋?#21017;一般会用emotional support, emotional need, emotional bond, emotional problems 等。

        其实生活、工作、学习中的很多问题都跟emotion有直接或间接的关系,如果我?#21069;?#36825;些理由点挖掘出来,可以形成一个强大的答题体系。而其中最基本的一个维度?#21069;?#25152;有的emotion 分成positive 和negative 两大类。举个简单的例子,pride, enthusiasm, calmness是积极情?#26657;?#32780;loneliness, isolation, depression则为消极情感。

        先看一个积极情绪:Describe a social celebration or political event in your culture.

       

        National Holiday celebrations

        A time to celebrate across the country:

        • there are parties, fireworks shows and gala performances

        • the purpose is to celebrate the birth of a new country

        • nationwide celebrations boost our national pride

        该回答选择了National Holiday( 国庆) 作为话题,通过celebrations来boost our nationalpride,而该思路还可以运用在international sports competitions 中:某国的运动员获胜了,该国民众的national pride 就提升了。

        相比之下,消极情绪会占的比例更多:Do you prefer to live alone or share rooms with other people?

       

        Sharing rooms with other people is a better choice.

        Having a roommate is fun:

        • share personal stories and secrets

        • a good companion can relieve loneliness

        • a great opportunity to develop interpersonal skills

        毫无疑问,上题中的loneliness ?#38469;?#20856;型的?#22909;?#24773;绪,也是很好的拓展思路。

       

       

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